• Friday 21st September 2018

Baloch In Iran A National Question, Nasser Boladai In Iran In A Period Of Arab Protest Movements Symposium, Paris, 14 September, 2012

8 Baloch political prisoners have been sentences to death. According to “Human Rights and Democracy Activists in Iran” [1] they risk imminent execution.

BALOCH IN IRAN A NATIONAL QUESTION,

Nasser Boladai

Ladies, gentlemen, on behalf of the Balochistan People’s Party and the Baloch nation, I would like to express our heartfelt thanks and profound gratitude. We appreciate the opportunity to share with you and the world a solution, which in our view, would result in solving the plight of our oppressed Baloch and other nations in Iran.

Background

Balochistan, “the country of the Baloch” is presently form part of three territorial states of Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan .

Historically, the British occupation of Baloch State of Kalat in 1839 was perhaps the greatest event and turning point in Baloch history. From the very day British forces occupied Kalat, the Baloch destiny changed dramatically. The painful consequences for Baloch were the partition of their land and perpetual occupation by foreign forces.

In 1849, an Iranian army defeated Baloch forces in Kerman and captured Bumpur. The Baloch political status was changed radically in later decades, when in 19th century the British and Persian Empires divided Balochistan into spheres of influences, between the British Empire in India and the Persian Kingdom. The Anglo-Afghan wars and subsequent events in Persia in respect of “the great game” played out between Tsarist Russia and the British Empire further marginalized the Baloch people.

The Baloch Resistance
The Baloch in Western Balochistan have been in constant revolt against the domination by and chauvinistic policy of Iranian governments.

Balochistan in Iran is one of the most strategic areas in the Middle East, South and Central Asia. It has a large coast in the Arab Sea and Persian Gulf; it also borders Pakistan and Afghanistan. It is the homeland of the Baloch people, with distinct national identity from Persian the dominant nationality in Iran. The Baloch are discriminated against because of their nationality and because they speak a different language than the Persian and majority are none Shiite the regime in practice treat Baloch people as third class citizens. Due to discrimination and the assimilation policy of Iranian regime, Baloch people struggle for cultural economical and political rights.

Instead of accepting the national, cultural and economical rights, the Iranian government has historically consider Baloch demand for cultural, social, political and economical right as a national security problem and a threat to national integrity hence it has militarized Balochistan and pursue a policy of suppression, and marginalization. In the recent years regime has transferred security and governance to Revolutionary Guards in Balochistan.
The cost of the Iranian regimes chauvinistic policies which has been manifested by militarization of Balochistan and in the recent years complete control of Revolutionary Guards over Balochistan has resulted in insecurity in all spheres cultural, economic, social and political life for Baloch people.

ARBITRARY ARREST, TORTURE, JUDICIAL PROCEDURE AND EXECUTION
The death penalty continues to be applied in political cases, where individuals are commonly accused of “enmity against God”. In August 2007, Amnesty International noted that a disproportionately large number of executions in Iran that year were of Baloch citizens (50 out of 166).

In addition to many security forces and intelligent agencies, a paramilitary group, ‘Mersad’ meaning ambush, which operates under direct order of Iran’s supreme leader Khamanei, is also active in Baloch areas. What differentiates this group from others is its licence to kill. They choose their victims randomly, creating a sense of insecurity in Balochistan, especially among young men. For this group the whole of Balochistan has become a hunting ground. It has been responsible for many shootings and beatings in Balochistan.

the head of Mersad, once has said: “We have not been given orders to arrest and hand over those who carry weapons. On the basis of a directive we have received, we will execute any bandits, wherever we capture them (Ettela’at, 25 February 1998)”.


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